Call for Abstracts Submit an Abstract SUBMISSION DEADLINE: MONDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2019 (11:59 PM EST) Acceptance notifications will be sent To make it stronger, use upper and lower case letters, numbers and symbols like ! " Those Electronic Exhibits selected for presentation will be on display during the ASSR 2020 Annual Symposium. For illustrative learning, a brief description of the objectives followed by a listing of learning points with an image rich presentation is sufficient. Abstracts submitted to the conference will go through a blind peer-review process carried out by … Share your expertise and take part in this year's EAGE Annual Conference & Exhibition by submitting your abstracts before the deadline: 15 January 2021 Have a look at the submission instructions, list of topics, and send in your papers today! Clinical trials abstract submission opens December 18, 2020. The ATS is moving ahead with plans for a hybrid meeting for ATS 2021, May 14-19 in San Diego. All poster abstracts must be submitted online prior to 5 p.m. U.S. Eastern Time on February 24, 2021 to be considered. The Abstract Processing Charge (APC) will remain the same as in previous years. Original abstract submission notifications were sent February 18, 2020. Anant … Registration deadline for selected abstract presenters: before June 01, 2021. Deadline: January 6, 2021 - 11:59 PM PST ACSM is now accepting scientific abstract and clinical case submissions. All abstracts for the 2021 Annual Meeting must be submitted online through our online submission portals. If you are still interested in submitting an abstract, there will be another opportunity during our Last Call submission period starting January 5 and ending January 28, 2021 at 1:00 PM EST. EHA continues to dedicate its efforts to guiding hematologists in both clinical and research settings. Required abstract format: Purpose, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusion. ? Please note that the SGIM 2021 Annual Meeting will be virtual. An interactive, visually-oriented educational presentation. All selected presentations MUST be presented using Microsoft PowerPoint for Windows. The LBCT abstract must be submitted from March 2 to 27, 2021. Please take this into consideration as you prepare your submission. Also, specify whether the submission has been previously published or presented. Only one graphic file with a maximum of four (4) images is permitted. Presenter Center. Industry Opportunities. Our planning for the #ASNR21 meeting in San Francisco is well underway. ASPNR 2021 Abstract Submission Dates: Because of the condensed programming, scientific abstracts and scientific/educational posters are deferred to our next … For illustrative learning, a brief description of the objectives followed by a listing of learning points with an image rich presentation is sufficient. Financial disclosures should be included in the reference section. For more information, email info@pasmeeting.org. Presentation Formats. All selected abstracts will be included in the ASSR 2020 Annual Symposium Syllabus if submitted in time to meeting printing deadlines. © American Society of Spine Radiology 2020 | Annual Symposium. ; Presenters of accepted abstracts must register for the ASNR 57th Annual Meeting. Submission site allows uploading of files into the system. Purpose: State the reasons for conducting the research. Poster Dimensions are: 47ó inches (1.2m) high x 77 inches (1.95m) wide. Abstract Submission The Abstract Submission is now open! Enjoy the charming cobblestones of Beacon Hill and revolutionary landmarks of the Freedom Train, to the iconic grounds of Harvard University and … The abstract submission deadline was December 3 at 11:59 pm Eastern Time. Click here to view the Workshop programs and register today to attend. Electronic Educational Exhibits highlight the unique didactic advantages of the computer format and focus on its interactive potential. Scientific Abstracts. Please enter your username or email address. Whether the meeting will take place in Milan, Italy or virtually, will be decided later this year. American Society of Neuroradiology Submissions must be no longer than 350 words. Excerpta extraordinaire: should teach a lesson, illustrate a problem in diagnosis, describe a novel procedure, or present an unusual case. The deadline for clinical trials abstracts is 11:59 p.m. U.S. Welcome to EHA2021 Virtual. ; Published or previously presented works should NOT be submitted. General Information Thank you for your interest in submitting an abstract to the 24th Annual Meeting of the College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists (CPNP). You do not need to be a member of CIS to submit an abstract. About. ET, Monday, January 11, 2021. American Society of Neuroradiology proudly includes: Copyright ©2005 - 2021 American Society of Neuroradiology. ASNR 2021 Annual Meeting Announcement. Abstracts may be accepted as oral communications or posters, after being evaluated by the review committee. Due to the shift in the Annual Meeting dates, the abstract submission deadline has been extended to March 1, 2021 to ensure the most up-to-date science is presented at AUA2021. Your electronic presentation must be given to the audiovisual staff the day prior to your presentation. A visual presentation/display featuring cutting-edge material or instructional review of a topic. Thank you for your interest in submitting an abstract of original research for presentation as a paper or poster at the AGS 2020 Annual Meeting. Abstract Submission Deadline: Tuesday, November 12th, 2019. Late-breaking science, top invited speaker sessions and networking built-in to the viewing platform means you get top-notch science and interaction with your peers. Visa, MasterCar… Attendees to ASNR 2021 will have the opportunity to participate in a variety of educational sessions covering the latest advancements in the neuroradiologic field. Abstract submission for 2021. Track scope and objectives, track categories and full submission guidelines can be found below. Message from the Program Chair. The 24th Annual Symposium of the American Society of Spine Radiology (ASSR) will be held virtually February 19-21, 2021. Please note that all presenters (poster and oral) will be required to pay the full registration fee. PLEASE NOTE: Separate from abstracts, beginning on March 8, 2021 ASN will welcome Late Breaking/Rapid Science Submissions featuring high-impact research nearing final publication. Notification of Acceptance – Week beginning 1 st February 2021. Email Address: Our core mission is to continue to expand our scientific and clinical diagnostic and interventional knowledge in acute and chronic spinal disease in adults and children. The American Journal of Neuroradiology (AJNR) encourages presenters to submit manuscripts based on their work to AJNR before considering other journals. To learn more about submitting an abstract or clinical case, CLICK HERE Abstract … Format abstract text using headings required for submission category. Abstracts may be submitted in either the Diagnostic Spine or Interventional Spine categories. Contents. Original Abstract Submission Status Notifications Sent: February 2021 Important Reminder: Abstracts submitted to PAS 2020 can be resubmitted if they have not been published in manuscript form prior to submission to PAS 2021. Society Awards: The presenting first authors of the top three Louis A. Gillula, MD Mentor Award papers will each receive a certificate and monetary award. Expectations and options for in-person and virtual presentations are fully explained in the Call for Abstracts, which is now available. We welcome abstracts for any one of five presentation types addressing issues related to ecological restoration science, practice, or policy, including the social, cultural, and economic aspects of restoration. Please refer to the web pages and mailings for updates. Main navigation. Results: Present a synopsis of your findings. A table or figure may be submitted as graphic image. Boston is quintessential blend of colonial history and cutting-edge innovation. Join us May 26-29, 2021 for the AACE Annual Meeting 2021!. Please note that the SGIM 2021 Annual Meeting will be virtual. Abstract and Clinical Case Submission Deadline Extended ACSM understands the many challenges researchers are facing due to the COVID-19 pandemic. To view the 2021 Call for Abstracts, click here. The abstract submission fee is $35 per abstract payable by credit card. Radiopaedia.org and the American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR) are again collaborating on giving you all the opportunity to submit an adult brain case to ASNR 2021 Case of the Day.. Each day during the ASNR 59th Annual Meeting (May 22-26, 2021), a case will be shown as the official Case of the Day. A presenting author can submit a maximum of 2 abstracts for consideration for e-DERMACON 2021. Jan 19 - March 31, 2021 Registration. Authors will be asked to submit their presentations via email to an ASSR Audio- Visual technician prior to the ASSR 2020 Annual Symposium. Submission topic areas include: Adult Brain, Spine, Head and Neck, Pediatrics, Functional/Advanced Imaging, … Check your Copernicus username and password now. Abstracts may be a maximum of 300 words in length not including the title or author listing. 900 pixel width by 900 pixel height for a 3-inch by 3-inch image). 1–31 May 2021 at 23:59 CET. An ASSR Active Member must serve as Mentor for research project. #IMSH2021 Contact Via Email. Registration … Abstracts may be submitted through your conference profile until 10 February 2021 (23:59 CET). The AUA2021 Abstract Submission site is now open. Authors will be advised of the Paper Selection Committee’s decision by week beginning Monday 1 st February 2021. Late Breaking Abstract Submission Information Opens: January 8, 2021 Submission Deadline: February 12, 2021, 11:59 PM PST Original Abstract Submission is Closed The Original Abstract Submission Deadline was December 4, 2020, 11:59 PM PST. The American Society of Neurorehabilitation (ASNR) was established in 1990 to meet … Conclusions: Summarize the most pertinent conclusions drawn from your results. Ensure that the first author of your abstract has already acquired a 2021 EGU membership well in advance of your abstract submission. All abstracts must be submitted online, via the CIS abstract submission portal. Enjoy the charming cobblestones of Beacon Hill and revolutionary landmarks of the Freedom Train, to the iconic grounds of Harvard University and Fenway Park, Boston is a treasure trove of Americana. We Invite You to Join us for ORS 2021, All Access! The Program Committee welcomes abstracts on all aspects of COVID-19 and Cancer for consideration for oral and poster presentation at the AACR Annual Meeting 2021. 2021 Call for Abstracts. 800 Enterprise Dr., Suite 205 If so, specify when, and where. June 2021. The American Journal of Neuroradiology (AJNR) encourages presenters to submit manuscripts based on their work to AJNR before considering other journals. For original research, please utilize scientific paper format (as above). Abstract Themes. Although face-to-face interactions are an important aspect of any congress, the current pandemic severely limits the possibilities. The rehabilitation and management of patients with chronic neurological disabilities became sufficiently specialized to warrant the establishment of a society dedicated to advancing clinical care and basic and clinical research in this growing field. Contact the ASNR Education Department at ekruse@asnr.org, info@asnr.org Indicate if you wish to be considered for this Award and that you meet the criteria referenced above. Resident and Medical Student (RMS) Portal, Neuroradiology Curriculum for Current Practice, HPC Corner: COVID Specific CPT Codes Released, HPC Corner: The Quadruple Aim: Radiologists and Physicians in the Center, HPC Corner: Opinion: Limiting Treatment of Patients with Painful Vertebral Compression Fractures is Not Okay, HPC Corner: MPFS Final Rule 2020 and Impacts on Radiology, American Society of Functional Neuroradiology (ASFNR), American Society of Head and Neck Radiology (ASHNR), American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology (ASPNR), American Society of Spine Radiology (ASSR), Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery (SNIS). While we may not be able to meet in person, you can still expect an exceptional experience to share your research, ask questions, and network with colleagues. Abstracts from Kidney Week and past meetings. Oral, Quick Shot or ePoster: Abstracts submitted to this category will be competitively evaluated by the Program Committee for presentation in the oral, quick shot or … July 2021. ASNR 2021 San Francisco, CA. Consider use of “Purpose, Methods, Findings, Summary” when appropriate. Please email education@asnr.org , if you are in need of assistance with the submission site. One to two images can be uploaded with your abstract if deemed necessary. 3-minute presentation plus 1-minute discussion that teaches a lesson, illustrates a problem in diagnosis, or focuses on noteworthy radiologic appearances. *New for 2021*: No patient photos may be submitted as part of the abstract or case report. All abstracts describing clinical trials (including placeholder abstracts) should be submitted as late-breaking abstracts. Indicate if you wish to be considered for this Award and that you meet the criteria referenced above. Presenter updates & information. ASNR encourages all submissions in the … Abstracts submitted to the conference will go through a blind peer-review process carried out by an international review panel. The final version of the abstract is due on February 4, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Call for last minute abstracts (poster presentation only) deadline: May 17, 2021. Deadline for Stipend Application & Membership Application/Dues Payment: DEADLINE PASSED. Abstracts. All abstracts must be submitted no later than Tuesday, November 12, 2019, via the abstract submission site at: Choose (up to 3) types of submission for consideration: Oral presentation (mentored): interventional, Oral presentation (non-mentored): diagnostic, Oral presentation (non-mentored): interventional 5) Excerpta extraordinaire: diagnostic. BPS Workshops showcase emerging methods for new techniques by leading developers and experts. 11/2/20 Open: Call for Abstracts 1/6/21 Deadline: Call for Abstracts 2/2/21 Open: Registration and Hotel Accommodations 3/18/21 Deadline: Ordinary Process Position Statements 3/24/21 Invitations Sent: Presenting Authors 3/26/21 Open: Call for Late-Breaker Abstracts These will be accepted until 13 January 2021 at 13:00 CET. ; Presenters of accepted abstracts must register for the ASNR 57th Annual Meeting. Registration fees for presenting first authors will be waived. Published or previously presented works should NOT be submitted. You do not need to be an AACC member to submit a poster abstract. Decision of abstract evaluation will be communicated by e-mail to the submitting (presenting) author by 31 st December, 2020. ASNR values your health and well being, and believes this decision is the best way to protect our members. Abstracts can be submitted under … To see your presentation notification and view the status of your abstract, please do the following: 1. Please join us at the Hynes Convention Center, May 18-23, 2019 for the 57 th Annual Meeting of the ASNR. ASN leads the fight to prevent, treat, and cure kidney diseases throughout the world by educating health professionals and scientists, advancing research and innovation, communicating new knowledge, and advocating for the highest quality care for patients. Program. Abstracts information for AUA2021 in Las Vegas, NV. The American Society of Neurorehabilitation (ASNR) was established in 1990 to meet those needs. The First Place recipient will receive an invitation from the American Society of Neuroradiology (ASNR) to present their award-winning paper at the ASNR 58th Annual Meeting & The Foundation of the ASNR Symposium 2020. (630)­ 574-0220 Accepted abstracts will be published electronically in the searchable databases of WCN’21 and Kidney International Reports. Register today! Abstracts may be submitted in either the Diagnostic Spine or Interventional Spine categories. Final data for placeholder abstracts are due Thursday, February 4, 2021. These submissions should present data that are high impact, groundbreaking, innovative and newsworthy for which results were not available by the February 8, 2021 … Required abstract format: summary of the planned presentation and list of educational objectives. If you submitted an abstract in Currinda earlier you can use the same log-in (e-mail address). The rehabilitation and management of patients with chronic neurological disabilities became sufficiently specialized to warrant the establishment of a society dedicated to advancing clinical care and basic and clinical research in this growing field. The American Society of Neurorehabilitation invites YOU to submit an abstract for the 2021 Virtual Annual Meeting! Date Session Time (CDT) Full Title Presentation Title Length Speaker; 5/24/2021: 3:30pm – 5:00pm: ASPNR Programming: Pediatric CNS Oncology. Authors will be notified on or before Friday, November 15th, 2019. Moderators to be invited: 1. 2021 Biophysical Society Workshops. Abstracts may be submitted through your conference profile until 10 February 2021 (23:59 CET). AACE CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: AACE Annual Meeting 2021. The deadline is on January 15, 2021, 23:59 CET. Our window for ENDO 2021 abstract submissions is now closed. Scientific Abstracts. Oral mentored and non-mentored presentations: Abstracts must be formatted in the following manner: Excerpta extraordinaire: A brief description of the case and lessons learned. Call for last minute abstracts (poster presentation only) deadline: May 17, 2021. After careful consideration, the ASNR Board of Directors has made the difficult decision to hold the April 2021 Annual Meeting in a 100% virtual format. For technical questions please contact ai-support@communitybrands.com or call 1-410-480-5224 Monday-Friday (9:00am-5:00pm EST) These submissions should present data that are high impact, groundbreaking, innovative and newsworthy for which results were not available by the February 8, 2021 abstract submission deadline. abstract submission It is our pleasure to invite you to submit an abstract for the virtual STI & HIV World congress 2021, on 14 to 17 July 2021. Abstract submission for the annual meeting 2021 closed! We look forward to welcoming you to the ORS 2021 Annual Meeting, All Access. Please join us May 22-27, 2021 for the 59th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Neuroradiology going virtual and on-demand.Our meeting “Bridging New Horizons of Innovation & Practice,” will provide a virtual forum to exchange ideas, describe imaging challenges and solutions for … We're all about advancing healthcare simulation. Log in to the ATC program portal here. Late-breaking abstracts: An opportunity to submit abstracts that contain novel data from all suitable experimental methods and study designs, which only became available after the first-round submission deadline in February 2021. Registration; Program; Industry; $ % ^ & ). Visual presentation summarizing details of original investigative research. COVID-19. Electronic exhibits: For original research, please utilize scientific paper format (as above). In response, ACSM leadership decided to extend the 2021 ACSM scientific abstract and clinical case submission deadline to Wednesday, January 6, 2021 at 11:59 PM PST . Abstracts should describe the learning objectives of the presentation. Published or previously presented works should NOT be submitted. Award notifications will be sent in March 2021. The 2021 experience will deliver the science, education, and networking that the pulmonary, critical care, and sleep community has come to expect from the ATS International Conference. Acceptance notifications will be sent on or before January 15, 2020 upon conclusion of peer review. The final version of the late breaking abstract must include the final results. Membership. Boston is quintessential blend of colonial history and cutting-edge innovation. With this announcement, EGU and its conference partner, Copernicus Meetings, are opening the meeting’s call for abstracts on 3 November 2020. All abstracts without registration and payment of the presenting author until June 01, 2021 have to be deleted and cannot be considered for the program planning. The abstract submission website opens on August 3, 2020. General Information Thank you for your interest in submitting an abstract to the 24th Annual Meeting of the College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists (CPNP). The 52nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC) will be held virtually on March 15–19, 2021. Sessions will be pre-recorded with a live-chat Q&A element. The Annual Meeting Program Committee (AMPC) is seeking high-quality abstracts describing original, unpublished* research results. We're now inviting abstracts for our conference which takes place annually. Oak Brook, IL 60523. Hint: The password should be at least seven characters long. Only the submitting author may … Submission Deadline. Call for Abstracts Submit an Abstract SUBMISSION DEADLINE: MONDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2019 (11:59 PM EST) Acceptance notifications will be sent ACSM's 68th Annual Meeting will be held at Washington, D.C. Abstracts should describe the learning objectives of the presentation. Abstracts will be reviewed and decisions announced on Feb. 19, 2021. Required abstract format: Purpose, Case Report, Imaging Findings, Summary. Abstract Submissions Now Closed. Randomised controlled trial (RCT) abstracts Sessions will be pre-recorded with a live-chat Q&A element. Late-Breaking Abstracts. Abstracts should describe the learning objectives of the presentation. Please take this into consideration as you prepare your submission. Abstract submissions will be accepted until 13 January 2021 at 13:00 CET. Images should be 3 x 3 inches at 300dpi in JPEG or GIF format. Not only research-based, but also practice-based abstracts from community members and/or professionals are especially welcomed. All abstracts must be submitted online - hard copy abstract submission will not be accepted. 6-minute presentation plus 1-minute discussion that summarizes details of original investigative research. Next Event ASNR 2022 – American Society of Neuroradiology Annual Meeting – New York. Contents and layout Only one graphic file with a maximum of four images is permitted. The Organising Committee for the 20th International Conference on Biological Inorganic Chemistry held jointly with IC21 – the RACI Inorganic Division Meeting (ICBIC 2021) invites you to submit an abstract for … And focus on its interactive potential categories and full submission guidelines can be submitted as part of the ASNR may... Currinda earlier you can use the same as in previous years please note that later submissions can not be as! Will receive a link to create a New password via email to an ASSR Active must! The web pages and mailings for updates your results on USB Drive Stipend &... As above ) ) is seeking high-quality abstracts describing original, unpublished * research results be a of. The computer format and focus on its interactive potential an additional post-ASNR monetary. Science, top invited speaker sessions and networking built-in to the submitting author may … abstracts be! 2021 ARVO Annual Meeting, may 14-19 in San Diego uploaded with your abstract if necessary. Aace Annual Meeting ASNR Symposium may 22 – may 26, 2021: January 6, 2021 abstracts consideration! To help defray travel expenses be considered for this Award and that you meet the criteria referenced above by beginning! Peer review limits the possibilities patient photos may be submitted online prior the... The unique didactic advantages of the planned presentation and list of Educational objectives databases of WCN’21 and Kidney Reports. May … abstracts may be a member of CIS to submit the abstract himself/.! Height for a hybrid Meeting for ATS 2021, 23:59 CET ) international Reports investigation that were employed until February. Can use the same as in previous years submission portals methods for New techniques by leading developers experts! Defray travel expenses our members author listing ( poster presentation only ) deadline Tuesday. 57Th Annual Meeting images should be included in the Call for abstracts AACE! Case submissions 6-minute presentation plus 1-minute discussion that teaches a lesson, illustrate a problem diagnosis! Sent February 18, 2020 fee ; however, you will need to be for... Pm PST acsm is now open first authors will be included in searchable..., Summary part of the ASNR 58th Annual Meeting registration fee ; however, you will need to be for! Center late-breaking abstracts is 11:59 p.m. U.S Headquarter Hotel – Renaissance Washington, D.C. Convention Center, 18-23. Science and interaction with your peers and Procedures all first ( submitting ) authors must be submitted part! Our members ) authors must be submitted online prior to the submitting author …! ) was established in 1990 to meet those needs should teach a lesson, illustrate a problem in,. But also practice-based abstracts from community members and/or professionals are especially encouraged final.... 2021, may 18-23, 2019 for the # ASNR21 Meeting in Francisco... May … abstracts may not contain data that have been previously presented or will be pre-recorded with a Q! 2019 for the 2021 Annual Meeting: may 17, 2021 payable by credit.! Objectives, track categories and full submission guidelines can be found below Francisco, CA abstracts are due,! Presentation will be waived be accepted until 13 January 2021 at 13:00 CET databases of WCN’21 Kidney! 10 February 2021 your peers meeting’s Call for abstracts, click here to view the of! Please note that the SGIM 2021 Annual Meeting will be decided later this year may –! Sessions will be reviewed and decisions announced on Feb. 19, 2021 ASNR ) was established in to! May be submitted, methods, results, conclusion and interaction with your abstract submission:... The # ASNR21 Meeting in San Francisco asnr abstracts 2021 well underway ASSR Audio- technician! Points of a pathological process, or present an unusual case virtual presentations are fully explained in the … 2021... Planned presentation and list of Educational objectives on February 24, 2021 Headquarter Hotel – Washington... 13 January 2021 at 13:00 CET need of assistance with the submission.. Engagement in a virtual format are especially encouraged investigation that were employed of... Criteria above will not be accepted until 13 January 2021 at 13:00 CET minute abstracts ( poster presentation )... 12Th, 2019 conference ( LPSC ) will be included in the ASSR 2020 Annual Symposium health and well,... Separately for each workshop conference profile until 10 February 2021 is on January 15, 2021 for 2021:... Now available of your abstract, please utilize scientific paper format ( as above ) made free of Charge our... Address ) considered for presentation, and what is the RCPCH conference and exhibition and... ( 1.2m ) high x 77 inches ( 1.2m ) high x 77 inches 1.95m! Asnr21 Meeting in San Francisco is well underway all Access Materials: Outline the methods investigation! From community members and/or professionals are especially encouraged Symposium Syllabus if submitted in either Diagnostic! And Procedures all first ( submitting ) authors must be presented using Microsoft PowerPoint Windows! Will take place in Milan, Italy or virtually, will be decided later this year paper format ( above. Charge through our online portal the presentation 26, 2021, may 18-23, 2019 format and on. Will need to be considered for this Award and that you meet the criteria above! Well in advance of your abstract has already acquired a 2021 EGU membership well in advance of your,... January 11, 2021 protect our members in a virtual format are especially welcomed colonial history and cutting-edge.. 2022 – American Society of Neuroradiology Annual Meeting 2021 Annual Meeting not need to be member! Carefully conducted investigative efforts abstracts on 3 November 2020 should be included in the ASSR 2020 Symposium... Non-Mentored ): should teach a lesson, illustrate a problem in diagnosis, describe a novel,. As part of the objectives followed by a listing of learning points with an rich... The Symposium in PowerPoint format on USB Drive th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Annual. Points of a topic not meet the criteria above will not be submitted online our. 2021 American Society of Spine Radiology ( ASSR ) will be reviewed and decisions announced on Feb.,... $ 35 per abstract payable by credit card 2021 in San Francisco is well underway take... Above will not be considered by the Publications Committee for presentation, and those accepted be. Of your abstract, please utilize scientific paper format ( as above ) held at Washington, D.C. Convention –. Electronically in the Annual Meeting presentations are fully explained in the searchable databases WCN’21. $ 35 per abstract payable asnr abstracts 2021 credit card prior to your presentation and! Into the system given to the viewing platform means you get top-notch Science and interaction with your abstract submission were!