#PopeinUS. It’s about making sure that the truth is heard and that injustices are not continued on into the 21st century.”. In Serra’s defense, Governor Jerry Brown stated that “The Pope is right in recognizing his sanctity.”. In 1931 a larger-than-life statue of a man who stood only a bit taller than five feet was unveiled in the U.S. Capitol. The Seven Steps to Sainthood for Junipero Serra. The Vatican has argued that Serra was "a man of his time" and should not be judged by modern standards. In response to my writings in the DM on the truth of the role of Junipero Serra and the missions he founded in … Why the Serra Canonization? He is the author of the award-winning books, Junípero Serra: California’s Founding Father (2013) and Children of Coyote, Missionaries of Saint Francis: Indian-Spanish Relations in Colonial California, 1769-1850 (2005). Verification email has been resent. This man who is soon to be a saint might just be the symbol that Americans have long needed to more fully recognize another aspect of the complexity of our nation’s origins. Following is the text of the English translation of Pope Francis canonizing the Rev. And across the missions, Franciscans like Serra endorsed the corporal punishment of Indians who did not abide by their wishes or policies. Against all odds—when he was old and in poor health from fatigue and a chronically ulcerous leg, with the Spanish military in California turned against him—Serra persevered to found more missions. Junípero Serra. They left a lasting mark on American history and they will continue to shape its future. These migrant missionaries were serious colonizers in their own right even though their motives were not wealth or power or freedom of religious expression. The first page is in Spanish. Wednesday was the Pope’s first full day in the United States, a trip that will also take him to New York and Philadelphia. He is also an OAH Distinguished Lecturer. To complete your CNN profile and ensure you are able to receive important account information, please verify your email address. Pope Francis on Wednesday canonized Junipero Serra, a Spanish missionary, a moment of deep pride for Latinos but a source of controversy for many Native Americans. Pope Francis will preside Wednesday over a mass of canonization for Junipero Serra, the man known for establishing missions throughout California. "When the Spanish first came, it … When Pope Francis announced that he was going to declare sainthood for Junipero Serra during a flight to Manila in January 2015, some people took it as an impromptu decision. Medina is an Ohlone Indian who is opposed to the Pope's recent decision to grant sainthood to Father Junipero Serra, the founder of the California missions. The Pope has planned to meet with Native Americans in Washington after the Mass, a Vatican official told CNN’s Delia Gallagher. Pope Francis has established a reputation as advocate for the oppressed, but the canonization of Junipero Serra represents the celebration of Indigenous genocide, at the hands of the Church. Junipero Serra, like many religious people, genuinely believed he knew the path to salvation and eternal life—and that was something he dedicated much of his adult life to sharing with Californians. © 2020 Cable News Network. Predictably, on the eve of his canonization, interest in Serra’s life runs hot, with some hailing his saintly life and others condemning his religious imperialism. Apostolic Journey of the Holy Father to Cuba, to the United States of America and Visit to the United Nations Headquarters on the occasion of his participation at the Eighth World Meeting of Families in Philadelphia: Holy Mass and Canonization of Blessed Fr. There was no Jesus Christ lifestyle at the missions,” Lopez said, who has campaigned against sainthood for Serra. Today is the most important day of the Pope’s visit for me, and for Latino Catholics across the #USA and throughout the Americas. It is their hope that Americans, when reminded of the Hispanic origins of much of this country, will reject the notion that Latino immigrants are somehow trespassers, even criminals, and embrace a more humane treatment of today’s immigrants. This portrait has become one of the standard representations of him and was done in the early 1900s by a Mexican priest, Father Jose Mosqueda, who said he copied it from a work that could have been an original portrait of Serra from the 1750s. Pope Francis speaks at the canonization of Junipero Serra on Sept. 23, 2015. When men such as Pope Francis and Archbishop José Gómez of Los Angeles look at our nation’s past, they must marvel at the accomplishments of the Pilgrims and our traditional Founding Fathers. In these important ways missionaries like Serra shaped American history and left complicated legacies of Spain and Catholicism wherever they ventured. When it came to Junipero Serra… But debates about Serra’s Indian policy miss a fundamental message that the Pope intends to deliver through Serra’s canonization: our nation’s current wave of anti-immigration rhetoric flies in the face of America’s deep Hispanic and Catholic roots, and sadly it draws on a rich vein of anti-Catholicism in American history. Serra’s life tells us that American history from its beginnings was diverse and multiethnic and that our national creation story is not just one of thirteen English colonies united in 1776 but that it extends far deeper into our past and includes Spanish missionaries and the Native Americans they encountered. Father Junipero Serra, the 18th century founder of California’s system of Catholic missions, was canonized by Pope Francis Wednesday — the first saint elevated on U.S. soil. Blessed Serra was thus deemed to have already met the sainthood criteria. A Saint With A Mixed History: Junipero Serra's Canonization Raises Eyebrows : The Two-Way Pope Francis announced he will elevate the influential missionary to sainthood when he … Here's another image of Junipero Serra from a first-edition book about the Spanish Franciscan friar entitled, "Relacion Historica de la Vida y Apostolica Tareas del Venerable Padre Fray Junipero Serra," by Father Francisco Palou. Pope Francis presides over a canonization mass for Friar Junipero Serra at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington on Wednesday. Thus they hope to shape contemporary immigration policy by a deeper reading of American history. Father Junipero Serra to be elevated to sainthood, Pope Francis says A statue of Junipero Serra in the graveyard at Mission San Francisco de Asis, often called Mission Dolores. Pope Francis named Junipero Serra a saint in 2015 over the loud protests of Native Americans. Back to Top. Pope Francis has said that he fast-tracked Serra's canonization by eliminating the need to show proof of two miracles because the missionary was such a great evangelizer. When Pope Francis canonized Father Serra in 2015, Mr. Medina said, he traveled to Washington D.C. with the blessing of his elders to read a Bible verse in … Their goals in crossing the Atlantic were to save souls and bring new regions into an expanding Spanish realm. Soon Pope Francis will confer upon him a far greater honor, making him the first Hispanic saint from the territory of what is now the United States. “Junipero Serra left his native land and its way of life,” Francis said in his homily during the canonization Mass at Catholic University in Washington. Homily, Mass and Canonization of Fr. Perhaps he will soon work another. Serra often corresponded about the California missions as he evangelized Native Americans in the late 1700s. Noel Francis Moholy (1916-98) at Mission San Jose. 4 Comments. The canonization of Serra hearkens back to a pious, if not perilous, understanding of evangelization, and offers painful evidence that the institutional church … Pope Francis then issued the official decree announcing the canonization. Password reset email has been resent. This is Serra's personal "novena" prayer book, which is kept in the archives of Old Mission Santa Barbara. PHOTO: Federal law enforcement agencies conducting the searches included the Transportation Security Administration and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. Pitted against the founders of Protestant New England and the signers of the Declaration of Independence, these Hispanic Catholics stood little chance. Junipero Serra's Canonization and the Historical Record 1255 on the part of some Fathers and that we are all exposed to err in that regard. America is a land of immigrants, and among the first and most important were missionaries like Serra. He became a Franciscan priest in 1730 and took the name Junipero, after a … By 1833 when the missions in California were secularized, 80,000 Indians had been baptized, but 60,000 had been buried, 25,000 of whom were children under the age of ten. This is not a coincidence,” Gomez said at a news conference last month. Yes, those who criticize Serra’s treatment of Indians are right to do so. Serra believed he was a more moderate version of the missionaries he saw in Mexico. For that accomplishment and others related to it, Serra was given an exalted place in the nation’s capital as one of two Californians represented in Statuary Hall (the other is Ronald Reagan). In June 2015, after examining an updated “Positio” of 1000 pages that included new materials for Serra’s cause, the Cardinals in Rome voted to elevate Blessed Junipero Serra to sainthood. CNN’s Michael Martinez and Ray Sanchez contributed to this report. In June 2015, after examining an updated “Positio” of 1000 pages that included new materials for Serra’s cause, the Cardinals in Rome voted to elevate Blessed Junipero Serra to sainthood. CNN Sans ™ & © 2016 Cable News Network. (Credit: CNN) This is an archived article and the information in the article may be outdated. A Warner Media Company. Quick Facts Name Junipero Serra Occupation Missionary, Saint Birth Date c. November 24, 1713 Death Date c. August 28, 1784 Place of Birth Majorca, Spain “But I don’t think Pope Francis wants pristine saints,” Kesicki continued, “because then no one will aspire to sainthood.”. Contemporary immigration Policy by a deeper reading of American history, Riverside among! 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