They are 346 miles away from the nearest land, which is uninhabited. Whalers there reported something portentous: the conditions in the Weddell Sea were the worst they could remember. They realize they’re about ninety-one miles from South Georgia Island, but huge waves rise up and Shackleton orders them to take down the sails. After abandoning the Endurance, Shackleton establishes camps on various ice floes, moving tents, sledge dogs and food stores accordingly. Like Robinson Crusoe, they make repeated trips back to retrieve items from the ship before it sinks completely under water. Critic Reviews. Previous expeditions have had trouble with this situation. He was confident that they could make it through the winter on what they already had. We’ve scoured the Internet for the very best videos on Endurance, from high-quality videos summaries to interviews or commentary by Alfred Lansing. The trip was extremely dangerous because they were in a small boat going through violent seas with 90-foot waves and 100 mile per hour winds. But, as Lansing says, “if it hadn’t been audacious, it wouldn’t have been to Shackleton’s liking. By March 9, they could feel the swell in the ocean and were optimistic about being able to escape from an ice floe, but they ultimately couldn’t get away from packed ice floes. By April 26, they had been at sea for a month and still hadn’t reached Elephant Island yet. On October 27, 1915, it finally succumbed: the ice started crushing the boat. They sail from Elephant Island to South Georgia, with many obstacles along the way. The crew named a 150-foot berg “Rampart Berg” after seeing it from their ship. Hoping that a new ice floe will drift them to safety, on December 29, Shackleton sets a new camp on another ice pack, and dubs him “The Patience Camp.”. Their only tools were two compasses, a pair of binoculars, fifty feet of rope and an axe. By March 26, the men have been eating penguin and seal meat. They’re constantly wet, and they have to relieve themselves at least once every hour. It will be a greater journey than the journey to the Pole and back, and I feel it is up to the British nation to accomplish this, for we have been beaten at the conquest of the North Pole and beaten at the first conquest of the South Pole. They camped for the second night and discovered that the ice was breaking up. Macklin skins and guts each carcass so they can feed themselves with dog meat from his dogs. Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage Ebook - Previews: Review 'One of the most gripping, suspenseful, intense stories anyone will ever read. It was the first time in 500 days that they were on land. Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage - Kindle edition by Lansing, Alfred. Therefore my preferred method of consumption of written works is audiobooks. It often has chunks fall off, and when it does, they’re as big as churches. “From the sentimental point of view,” he wrote once, “it is the last great Polar journey that can be made. However, there’s bad news as well: It looks like the storm will last long enough to prevent them from landing on shore. Shackleton wants to prevent the crew from getting too comfortable and complacent so he creates a list of emergency stations, which are assigned tasks for when they need to leave quickly. Read a quick 1-Page Summary, a Full Summary, or watch video summaries curated by our expert team. When confronted with a stowaway, Blackwell, Shackleton intimidated him with his rage and concluded by roaring that “If we run out of food, you will be first.”. The floes were soft and mostly snow, while the open water passages consisted of “mushy brash ice.” They decided to wait for a southerly wind to open up the pack. They made progress and realized that the ice pack was looser than expected. They were finally forced back to the Endurance when their ice floe began to break up. After battling winds for several hours, they experience a calm followed by 50 mile per hour winds. He also reflects on how much better things were at Patience Camp than they had been at Cape Evans. Thus, while Shackleton was undeniably out of place, even inept, in a great many everyday situations, he had a talent—a genius, even—that he shared with only a Many of them thought that ice conditions around the island would prevent a rescue ship from reaching them in time, as winter was coming soon. The men were having trouble with the sleeping bags. With Walter Modell, … How Do You Build One? As they row away from camp and leave behind everything they’ve been living with for four months now since leaving Elephant Island, two things happen: 1) The ice begins closing back up once again trapping them inside 2) Their morale improves because at least this time around if there is no way out then there will be no need for rescue attempts thanks to ending up stuck here after launching those three tiny boats. At more or less the same time, a second ship [named Aurora] would put into McMurdo Sound in the Ross Sea, almost directly across the continent from the Weddell Sea base. 45 pages of summaries and analysis on Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage by Alfred Lansing. After they reached the island of South Georgia, they formed two groups, one to maintain a camp, the other to look for help. Born in Chicago on July 21, 1921, Lansing served the U.S. Navy during the Second World War and received a Purple Heart for being wounded during his service. The hut they were in was very comfortable and held many supplies, so despite their dire situation, they remained optimistic. Study Guide for Endurance: Shackleton’s Incredible Voyage. They had to avoid another obstacle called Mislaid Rock before landing at 4:00 p.m., although the gale had subsided. However, by October 18, it was clear that the sea ice had closed in around his ship and he was trapped. After six miserable days, the three lifeboats land on Elephant Island on April 15, the first time that the 28 men touch solid ground after precisely 497 days! The sky is clear and the moon is shining by 2:00 a.m., so Shackleton decides that it’s time to leave. Afterward, he enrolled at North Park College and later at Northwestern University, where he majored in journalism. It took them quite some time to build the hut due to their weakened state, but once it was built, they were able to sleep inside and stay warm during one particularly bad storm that night. They attached a canvas chute to the rail and slid each dog down it onto the ice below. The men shake hands, and they depart without ceremony. An example of this is when he invites Frank Hurley, an excellent photographer, to attend a meeting about food supplies because he needs him to feel like part of the team. As time goes on, the crew runs out of food and they are unable to catch any seals. The chunk of ice that the sea anchor was in has been loosened by violent waves, taking the sea anchor with it. By October 16, Shackleton believes that the ice might be opening up enough to allow his ship to sail through. Instead, it was Roald Amundsen who got there first in 1912. He arrived at the shore of Elephant Island and lowered a boat into the water so he could pick up his stranded crew members. During the months of May and June, using borrowed ships (Southern Sky, Instituto de Pesca No. When women are discussed, it’s in a sentimental way that involves missing one’s wife or mother. After a meal and a bath, they went back to the other side of the island in their whaling boat to get their three crew members. The mission is not complete, though: there are 22 men still on Elephant Island and they are all waiting to be saved. They learn that they’ve gone about 50 miles past their intended destination, so Shackleton changes the plan yet again. Shortform: The World's Best Book Summaries, Shortform Blog: Free Guides and Excerpts of Books, Endurance Book Summary, by Alfred Lansing, The Blue Zones Book Summary, by Dan Buettner. They cover mountainous terrain for several hours before realizing that there’s no shoreline beneath them; they’re forced to turn back up impossible cliffs, which Shackleton cuts steps into with his axe. On May 19th three men set out on this journey and after days of marching, climbing backtracking and sliding down an enormous snow-covered ridge, they reached Stromness Whaling Station on May 21st. 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