In one of his final visits to Petra, Serra found his younger sister Juana María near death. [55] Gálvez chose Serra to head the missionary team in the California expedition. Serra's superiors discouraged letters and visitors. A statue of Junipero Serra rests face down at Father Serra Park, across the street from Union Station in Downtown Los Angeles Saturday, June 20. [citation needed], Many cities in California have streets, schools, and other features named after Serra. The statue of St. Junipero Serra is the latest to be either defaced or forcibly removed by people protesting against monuments that depict the country's colonial and racist past. On the Costanoan Rumsen Carmel Tribe's official website, the community released a bilingual statement in support of Serra's canonization shortly after a visit between Chief Cerda and Pope Francis, stating: Saint Junipero Serra Baptized and Married our ancestors Simon Francisco (Indian name "Chanjay") and Magdalena Francisca on April 1, 1775 at Mission San Carlos De Borromeo Del Rio Carmelo ... We wholeheartedly Support the canonization of Saint Junipero Serra because he protected our people and supported their full human rights against the politicians and the military with total disregard for his own life and safety. One of the Indian men gave Serra roasted agave stalks and four fishes. His group included friar Crespí, captain Pedro Fages, twelve Spanish volunteers, seven leather-jacketed soldiers, two muleteers, five Baja Christian Indians, and Portolá's servant. The Knights of Columbus installed the Serra statue in downtown Los Angeles in 1932 where he served as a symbol of the United States’ conquest of Mexican and Native populations. Once the statue fell red paint was poured on it and phrases including "Stolen Land," "Olone Land," and "Decolonize" were spray-painted on the pedestal where the founder of Spanish Missions previously stood. [citation needed], The Indians now encountered by the party near the coast appeared well-fed and more eager to receive cloth than food. All rights reserved. Tensions with the local Kumeyaay people made it difficult to attract converts. [45] Palóu described this as "quite violent, painful, and dangerous towards wounding his chest. "[134], Biographer Gregory Orfalea wrote of Serra: "I see his devotion to Native Californians as heartfelt, plain-spoken and borne out by continuous example." [citation needed], The Sierra Gorda Indian missions, some 90 miles north of Santiago de Querétaro, were nestled in a vast region of jagged mountains, home of the Pame people and a scattering of Spanish colonists. [109], On October 12, 2020, a group of people toppled the statue of Serra located in front of Mission San Rafael Arcángel, in San Rafael, California. His philosophy course, including over 60 students, lasted three years. [49], Into the vacuum created by the Jesuits' expulsion from Mexico, stepped Franciscan missionaries. "Pedro Fages and Miguel Costansó: Two Early Letters From San Diego in 1769". | YouTube The Roman Catholic archbishop of San Francisco performed a brief ceremony over the weekend that included an exorcism at a site where protesters tore down a statue of St. Junipero Serra. Eric O'Brien, O.F.M. A statue of Junipero Serra in San Rafael was pulled down Tuesday by protesters with the Coast Miwok tribe. Serra then departed for Mexico on October 17, 1772 to plead his case to the viceroy Antonio María de Bucareli y Ursúa. Schools named after Serra include Junípero Serra High School, a public school in the San Diego community of Tierrasanta, and four Catholic high schools: Junípero Serra High School in Gardena, Junipero Serra High School in San Mateo, JSerra Catholic High School in San Juan Capistrano, and Serra Catholic High School in McKeesport, Pennsylvania. Leaving mission San Diego in the hands of friars Fernando Parrón and Francisco Gómez, Serra rode a launch out to board the San Antonio. Now is not the time to muse or fret over the happenings of life but rather to be conformed entirely to the will of God, striving to prepare themselves for that happy death which of all the things of life is our principal concern. [147], Serra International, a global lay organization that promotes religious vocations to the Catholic Church, was named in his honor. Tinker writes that while Serra's intentions in evangelizing were honest and genuine,[113] overwhelming evidence suggests that the "native peoples resisted the Spanish intrusion from the beginning". -- was torn down at Mission San Rafael by anti-Catholic protesters on Oct.12, 2020. But no more than half of them reached San Diego. "[88], On July 9, the San Antonio set sail from Monterey, bound for Mexico. [43] In his austere cell, Serra kept a chain of sharp pointed iron links hanging on the wall beside his bed, to whip himself at night when sinful thoughts ran through his mind. Whenever Serra placed his hands on their heads, they placed theirs on his. Working with the college of San Fernando, he had cattle, goats, sheep, and farming tools brought to the Sierra Gorda mission. "If Junipero Serra Were Alive: Missiological-Anthropological Theory Today,", This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 18:20. Serra intervened on the soldiers' behalf, and the two did not get along. No Indians were in sight. A classically inspired temple in Redwood City. [citation needed], Franciscans saw the Indians as children of God who deserved the opportunity for salvation, and would make good Christians. The archbishop’s statement came after a statue of St. Junipero Serra was torn down in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park Friday, along with statues of Francis Scott Key and Ulysses S. Grant. Amid denunciations from Native American tribes who accused Serra of presiding over a brutal colonial subjugation,[6][7][8] Pope Francis canonized Serra on 23 September 2015 at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C., during his first visit to the United States. Junipero Serra moved to the area that is now Monterey in 1770, and founded Mission San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo. "[62] The motive behind gifts of food, tobacco, and the like was, "in the words of Serra's colleague and biographer, Father Francisco Palóu, spiritual conquest meant enticing Indians [sic] with food and clothing, by which means they could be indoctrinated as Christians and 'gradually acquire a knowledge of what is spiritually good and evil' ". There is no swelling but only the itching which I feel at times. Father Junípero Serra was born Miguel José Serra in 1713 on the small Spanish island of Mallorca. [citation needed], Serra's feast day is celebrated on July 1 in the United States and on August 28 everywhere. Sign up for our newsletter and enter to win the second edition of our book. "[70], Between the overland and seafaring parties of the expedition, about 300 men had started on the trip from Baja California. The Mexica Movement, an indigenous separatist group that rejects European influence in the Americas,[149] protested Serra's canonization at the Los Angeles Cathedral in February 2015. Follow us on social media to add even more wonder to your day. For nearly two years Serra refrained, and then Viceroy Majorga gave instructions to the effect that Serra was within his rights. Activists on Saturday toppled a statue of Junipero Serra, widely regarded as the founder of the California Missions, from its perch on Olvera Street in downtown Los Angeles. The man was an administrator. Serra placed both hands upon their heads as a token of paternal affection. . Offer subject to change without notice. Archbishop Salvatore Cordileone, head of the archdiocese of San Francisco, stands at the site where Father Junipero Serra's statue once stood in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park. On one occasion he was called home to anoint his seriously ill father with the last rites. 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